15 Benefits of black pepper and side effects

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Discover the 15 shocking health benefits of black pepper and side effects.

We often use salt in our dishes, completely forgetting about the myriad benefits of black pepper.

Black peppercorns, more commonly called black pepper, dramatically improve the flavor of your dishes and also their health fraction.

What is black pepper?

Also called ‘kaali mirch’ in Hindi, ‘nalla miriyalu’ in Telugu, ‘karumilaku’ in Tamil, ‘kari menasu’ in Kannada and ‘kurumulak’ in Malayalam, black pepper is a vine that is grown for its fruit .

Scientifically called Piper nigrum , the fruit of this strain is dried and used as a condiment and spice, and this is the black pepper that most of us are familiar with.

Peppercorns and prepared ground pepper can be referred to simply as pepper, or more accurately as black pepper, green pepper, and white pepper, which are the three types of peppercorns.


• Black peppercorns are the most common variety. They are first cooked and then dried.

• Those called green peppercorns are simply the immature version of the dried fruit.

• Whereas white peppercorns are taken from nearly ripe peppercorns after the skin is removed.

Also known as the ‘ King of Spices ‘ and ‘ Black Gold ‘, black pepper has a unique flavor and is not meant to be used like salt.

15 shocking health benefits of black pepper


Health benefits of black pepper

Both piperine and black pepper have numerous beneficial properties (antioxidants, antibacterials, etc.) that can improve your health in many ways.


Some of the good effects of black pepper include cancer and diabetes prevention, better digestive health, and better brain health .

1.- Improves digestive health

Black pepper stimulates digestive juices and enzymes, promoting digestion.

This is true when consuming black pepper, especially with a meal, which can improve your body’s ability to break down and digest food.

Research has shown that black pepper also has a positive effect on pancreatic enzymes, benefiting the overall digestive process.

Similarly, the health benefits of black pepper are recognized around the world for having carminative properties and helps to relieve stomach gas.

It can also relieve flatulence and colic pain, replacing chili powder in your meals with black pepper can treat flatulence.


Bell pepper is also known to relieve peptic ulcers, but research is limited.

2.- Benefits of black pepper for cancer

Studies have shown that the piperine in black pepper exerts a protective activity against numerous forms of cancer.

Piperine also increases the absorption of other nutrients like selenium, curcumin, beta-carotene, and B vitamins in your intestines, nutrients that are vital for gut health and cancer prevention.

Another Canadian study also credits the anticancer properties of black pepper to piperine.

It reduces stress on the rectum and helps prevent colon cancer, it showed similar properties in prostate cancer as well.

And not only that, piperine was also found to increase the effectiveness of docetaxel, a chemotherapy drug used in prostate cancer.


3.- Benefits of black pepper for blood pressure

It’s piperine, once again showing off the benefits of black pepper.

Reports have shown that piperine can lower blood pressure in animals, and similar effects can be expected in humans.

A study conducted in Slovakia indicates that oral administration of piperine can control the increase in blood pressure.

Ingesting piperine was also shown to be effective in controlling blood pressure in another study.

Interestingly, piperine also improves the bioavailability of curcumin, another important compound found in turmeric.

4.- Benefits of black pepper for weight loss

Studies have found that the piperine in black pepper, the same compound that makes you sneeze, also fights the formation of fat cells.


This can push you a little further towards your weight loss goals; Research says that black pepper could offer an alternative to treatments for problems related to fat.

Black pepper’s characteristic to inhibit the formation of fat cells, triggers a chain reaction that can keep fat formation in check at several other biological levels.

Also, black pepper is an addition to a weight loss diet, as a teaspoon of this pepper has only about 8 calories.

And instead of that calorie-dense Italian dressing on chicken breast or grilled veggies, just add a dash of black pepper and squeeze a lemon to save calories.

5.- Benefits of black pepper for cough

Black pepper has been used for this purpose even in ancient Chinese medicine.

Pepper is known to stimulate circulation and mucous flow and when you combine it with honey, the effect is enhanced, as honey works as a natural antitussive.


Simply mix a teaspoon of powdered black pepper with 2 tablespoons of honey in a cup, fill the cup with boiling water, cover it and let it steep for about 15 minutes.

You can strain the drink and drink it, do it three times a day to clear congestion and sinuses.

The bell pepper can also relieve asthma symptoms.

A study conducted on asthmatic patients at a specialized care center in Trinidad found that the administration of pepper to patients had improved their condition.

Clears the airways and relieves other respiratory ailments such as whooping cough, taking for granted the great benefits of black pepper.

6.- Fight infections

This is where the antibacterial properties found within the benefits of black pepper come into play.


According to a study conducted in South Africa, the piperine in black pepper exhibits larvicidal effects (targeting dangerous insects in their larval stage) and helps prevent infection and spread of the disease.

7.- It has antioxidant benefits

Black pepper has excellent antioxidant effects, which contribute to your health in many ways.

Antioxidants fight disease-causing free radicals and boost immunity; In another Indian study, oxidative stress-induced rats, when given black pepper, showed considerable improvement in their condition.

Another test conducted by the National Institute of Nutrition in India found that black pepper had the highest concentration of antioxidants in all the foods they had tested.

The bell pepper also had the highest phenolic content, this high antioxidant content allows the bell pepper to offer various health benefits, some of which include the prevention of serious ailments such as cancer.


In addition to all this, the piperine found within the benefits of black pepper increases the bioavailability of nutrients in numerous foods and supplements.


And this means that you can transform a marginally effective therapeutic substance into a highly effective one, simply by improving its intracellular residence time.

Also, it is important to note that the more intense the flavor of the black pepper, the higher the piperine content.

8.- Improves oral health

Certain oral cream blends contain black pepper as one of the main ingredients.

These products relieve tooth pain and other oral infections, given the antibacterial properties of piperine .

In addition to this, the health benefits of black pepper also have anti-inflammatory properties that help treat inflammation of the gums, you can even mix pepper with salt for the relief of dental problems.


Just mix equal amounts of salt and pepper in water and rub the mixture on your gums.

For toothache, you can mix black pepper with clove oil and apply to the affected area.

However, there is limited research on this. Consult your doctor before use.

9.- Benefits of black pepper for brain health

Black pepper has great effects on brain health.

The piperine in bell pepper inhibits an enzyme that breaks down serotonin, the calming neurotransmitter.

This enzyme also degrades the functioning of another hormone called melatonin, which regulates the sleep / wake cycle.


As if that weren’t enough, the benefits of black pepper are also important in Parkinson’s disease.

It inhibits another type of enzyme that disrupts the production of dopamine, the feel-good hormone, dopamine is generally deficient in Parkinson’s patients and ingesting black pepper can relieve symptoms;

Similar effects can be seen in the case of depression as well.

Black pepper can also slow brain aging and prevent Alzheimer’s.

And it can also improve nerve activity in the brain, thus curing seizures; protects nerve cells and prevents early cell death.

On the other hand, it has also shown beneficial effects in stroke patients.


According to another Indian study, the piperine in black pepper can decrease the formation of amyloid plaque and prevent Alzheimer’s disease.

10.- Improves fertility in men

The aforementioned benefits of black pepper play an important role in improving male fertility.

It is known to increase testosterone levels as it is rich in zinc and magnesium, two critical minerals for male sex hormones.

It also increases the sperm count and their concentration; the zinc in pepper also helps in the development and movement of sperm.

11.- Helps to quit smoking

Studies have shown that inhaling the vapor from black pepper can reduce cigarette withdrawal symptoms.

Cigarette cravings were also significantly reduced in test subjects who inhaled black pepper vapor.


12.- Benefits of black pepper for diabetes

The antioxidants that are embedded in the benefits of black pepper can help stabilize blood sugar levels.

They regulate hyperglycemia and help in the treatment of diabetes;

A certified study in 2013 has shown that black pepper oil can inhibit the two enzymes that break down starch into glucose and worsen the symptoms of diabetes.

But ingesting black pepper can delay glucose absorption.

As if that weren’t enough, the health benefits of black pepper can also be used as a bioactive agent along with metformin (a diabetes drug).

It helps to reduce the dose of metformin and even its side effects, while helping to relieve the symptoms of the disease.


13.- Benefits of black pepper for skin

Black pepper can be used as an exfoliator to exfoliate the skin and remove dead skin cells .

This makes your skin smoother, crush some black pepper and exfoliate to remove dead skin cells and exfoliate your skin.

Just take 1/2 teaspoon of black pepper powder and 1 teaspoon of yogurt; apply to face and wash off after 20 minutes.

This facial pack will help remove toxins from your skin, leaving it smooth and radiant.

Black pepper also helps promote blood circulation and provides more oxygen and nutrients to the skin, its anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties help prevent acne.

14.- Cure Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a condition that causes the skin to lose its pigmentation in certain areas.


When your skin loses its natural pigmentation, it turns white, there are many different treatments for this skin disease, but most of them involve the use of harsh chemicals.

Many patients now turn to the benefits of black pepper as a cure.

According to London researchers, the piperine found in black pepper provides a safe and natural alternative to chemical-based treatments.

15.- Helps treat dandruff

If you suffer from dandruff problems, the best treatment is black pepper.

Add a teaspoon of crushed pepper to a bowl of curd and apply it to the scalp, leaving it like that for about 30 minutes.

Wash with water do not use shampoo, if you wish, you can apply the shampoo the next day, as this will give the mixture enough time to work on the dandruff.


Remember not to overdo the pepper as an excess of this ingredient will make your scalp burn, causing extreme discomfort and the idea is to get the benefits of black pepper, not cause a problem with them.

Side effects of black pepper

If black pepper oil gets into the eyes it may cause a burning sensation. Some individuals  might develop an allergy to black pepper.

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