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Contraindications and side effects of Clexane

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Discover the Contraindications and side effects of Clexane.

This anticoagulant drug is especially used to prevent blood circulation problems.

A drug against diseases of the blood circulation.

Cardiovascular problems are probably together with dementias and cancer some of those that cause the greatest concern to the majority of the population, given the importance for our survival of the fact that the blood circulates normally through our body and that the heart keeps pumping it in the normal way.

And it is a fact that a large proportion of elderly people suffer from some type of heart or circulatory problem.

However, medical advances have allowed the development of drugs that allow treating some of these types of pathology, such as the well-known Sintrom or the drug that we are going to talk about throughout this article: Clexane.

What is the Clexane?

We call Clexane a type of anticoagulant drug widely used in the medical field, in response to complex cardiovascular problems that endanger the lives of those who suffer from them.

As an anticoagulant, its function is to reduce blood clotting, which although it is generally positive since it helps to stop bleeding in specific cases in which this process occurs to a great extent, can make it difficult for the blood to pass. and even provoke a thrombus.

Thus, thanks to the anticoagulant it is possible to keep the blood circulating in a liquid and fluid way and reduce the risk.

Clexane is a drug whose active ingredient is enoxaparin sodium, being one of the low molecular weight heparins (which are derived from non-fractionated ones) that is obtained from the intestines of the pig.

It is a drug whose main route of administration is intravenous or subdermal, and it is marketed as prepared syringes. It is not applied orally or intramuscularly.

Functions of clexane

Clexane is a drug widely used in various conditions in which it can save lives, either as a treatment or even as prevention of some life-threatening situations, all of which are linked to the cardiovascular system.

One of the main indications is in the treatment of deep vein thrombosis, an alteration in which blood clots plug one of the body’s veins, generally directed to the extremities, and which can generate important consequences (including a possible embolism pulmonary).

Also not only during treatment but also as prevention in high-risk cases or to prevent it from happening again in people who have already suffered it before.

It is also used in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes, including some types of angina pectoris and heart attacks, usually as a previous step or in conjunction with other medications, as well as in the prevention of relapses.

Likewise, it is effective in preventing possible thrombi in cases of respiratory or heart failure, as well as in people in a coma or who must remain in a recumbent position (for example, in a long convalescence) and even to prevent possible clots in the case of patients. who must undergo hemodialysis.

It must be taken into account that Clexane can be used at any age from adulthood, including very old ages if necessary.

However, there are not enough studies carried out with minors that allow us to know if it is a safe drug, being a drug that should only be applied to adults.

Possible side effects of clexane

This drug has proven to be very useful and has saved multiple lives since its discovery, but like all drugs, it is not without risks and side effects.

First of all, and as with the rest of anticoagulants, it should be taken into account that the fact that the blood is prevented from clotting causes bleeding of varying severity to arise from any part of the body.

Simple wounds and blows can bleed or generate internal hematomas of great relevance, and it must be necessary to be very careful in this regard. This is the most common secondary symptom.

Likewise, and derived from it, anemia may also appear due to blood loss. Sometimes these hemorrhages can occur at the intestinal, spinal, or intracranial level, being their much greater danger.

The possibility of appearance as well as edema, erythema, alopecia, dermatitis, or even fever has also been observed.

It has been observed that in some cases the level of potassium in the blood increases excessively or even triple the levels of transaminases and other liver enzymes.

More serious are cases of cutaneous necrosis or vasculitis, liver lesions, or thrombocytopenia that can paradoxically generate thrombosis (something that makes it necessary to periodically do a platelet count of the subject).

Contraindications of clexane

As we have seen, despite being very useful, Clexane can also generate dangerous effects, which can put certain sectors of the population at risk. That is why it has various contraindications.

One of these contraindications can be found in the cases of those who have an allergy or hypersensitivity to this drug as well as to other heparins, as well as to its multiple components.

It is contraindicated in people at high risk of bleeding, including people who are going to undergo surgery or are going to have punctures, people with ulcers, aneurysms, or vascular problems in which the walls of the vessels are more fragile.

Also in people with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia. People with high levels of potassium in the blood should avoid it, and it is not recommended in severe kidney failure (with the possible exception of its use in dialysis), as well as extreme caution in the case of liver failure.

It is also not recommended, or at least great caution and control are required, in diabetic patients due to the adrenal alterations it can cause.

Underweight or obese patients should be monitored, as there is a greater risk of bleeding or thrombi.

The use of Clexane in people taking other drugs should be consulted. Finally, and as we have indicated previously since there are no data in this regard, it is contraindicated in children.

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Managing Chronic Pain: Integrative Techniques for Wellness

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Chronic Pain clinic near me

Key Takeaways

  • Understanding chronic pain and its various treatment options is essential for effective management.
  • Lifestyle factors, including diet, exercise, and sleep, can significantly influence chronic pain.
  • Integrative techniques, including medical treatments and complementary therapies, are vital in tackling pain holistically.

Understanding Chronic Pain

Chronic pain is a persistent type of pain that can last for months or years and may be caused by various factors. In contrast to acute pain, it can continue even after the original injury has healed. Healthcare professionals evaluate a patient’s self-reported pain level and the impact it has on their daily activities to address the complexity of chronic pain. When the underlying cause is unknown, multidisciplinary approaches are necessary to relieve pain.

The Role of Lifestyle in Chronic Pain Management

In the quest for relief, many find solace in discovering a reputable pain clinic near me that employs a range of treatment options. Diet and chronic pain have a significant, if not entirely understood, relationship. Pro-inflammatory foods, excessive caffeine, alcohol, and refined sugars tend to exacerbate inflammation, potentially intensifying pain. On the other hand, anti-inflammatory foods such as fatty fish, greens, nuts, and seeds may help reduce inflammation and, as a result, pain. Consistent hydration and balanced meals can support the body’s natural coping mechanisms. Creating a personalized diet plan with a nutritionist or dietician can be a proactive step in managing chronic pain through lifestyle. Being physically active is critical to managing chronic pain.

Medical Treatments for Chronic Pain Relief

Medications often serve as the first line of defense in chronic pain management. NSAIDs, for example, are commonly used to alleviate inflammation and pain. Antidepressants and anticonvulsants can also be prescribed for their pain-relieving properties. Caution must be taken, especially with more robust, potentially habit-forming medications such as opioids; these should only be used when necessary and with a strict plan for monitoring and tapering. Furthermore, patients are encouraged to ask their healthcare providers about potential side effects and interactions with other medications.

Beyond pharmacological measures, interventional treatments like nerve blocks, epidural steroid injections, and radiofrequency ablation offer non-surgical pain relief for various conditions. In some cases, these targeted procedures may provide lengthy periods of relief and help patients engage in physical therapy and rehabilitation more effectively.

With chronic pain being such a dynamic and individualized issue, research into new therapeutic methods is ongoing. Treatments such as platelet-rich plasma therapy (PRP) and stem cell injections are emerging as potential alternatives. They focus on repairing damaged tissues and reducing pain naturally. However, consulting with experienced pain management specialists before considering these advanced options is essential.

Psychological Approaches to Pain Management

Chronic pain has deep psychological and emotional roots in addition to physical causes. Therapies like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) address the thought patterns that can worsen pain perception and decrease the quality of life. Patients can learn to change these thoughts, engage in positive behaviors, and develop strategies to manage setbacks in their pain journey. Biofeedback is a technique that measures and provides real-time data on bodily functions, such as heart rate, muscle tension, and skin temperature. It helps patients gain voluntary control over these functions, and mastering such autonomic processes can improve pain management and give a greater sense of personal power.

Emotional well-being is integral to pain management, as negative emotions can intensify pain perception. Healthcare providers may recommend therapy sessions to address the psychological impacts of chronic pain, helping individuals cope with associated feelings of frustration, depression, or isolation. These therapeutic approaches highlight the importance of treating chronic pain as a comprehensive, biopsychosocial condition.

Navigating the Healthcare System

The complexity of healthcare systems can add a layer of stress for those managing chronic pain. Advocacy is critical. Patients must feel empowered to ask questions and make informed decisions regarding their care. Understanding how health insurance works, what treatments are covered, and how to access necessary medications is imperative. Healthcare professionals can also be invaluable allies in helping patients navigate these systems and ensure that they receive appropriate and timely care.

Looking Ahead: The Future of Pain Management

As we learn more about pain, there is hope for better pain management through new treatments and technologies. For example, virtual reality therapies can help distract patients from pain and reduce its intensity by immersing them in relaxing environments. Scientists are also exploring innovations in pharmaceuticals, non-invasive brain stimulation techniques, and cognitive behavioral therapy apps to treat chronic pain more effectively. Additionally, personalized medicine, which considers an individual’s genetic makeup, lifestyle, and environmental factors, is set to revolutionize pain management.

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