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5 Things You Need to Know About Breast Reconstruction



5 Things You Need to Know About Breast Reconstruction

After you have been diagnosed with breast cancer, one of the most important decisions is whether to have reconstruction surgery. Reconstruction can restore your confidence and improve your quality of life after cancer treatment.

Choosing the right option is personal and should be made in consultation with your plastic surgeon. Depending on your condition and preferences, you may need breast reconstruction at the same time as or after mastectomy surgery.


A mastectomy is a surgical procedure that removes all or part of your breast tissue. It’s used for both treatment and prevention of breast cancer.

The surgery is usually done under general anesthesia. It takes about 90 minutes, and most people go home the same day.

It can take up to four weeks for your chest and arm area to fully heal after a mastectomy. Your doctor may put one or two drainage tubes in place to stop fluids from accumulating in the breast space.

A sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is sometimes done simultaneously with your mastectomy to check for cancer cells that have spread to the nearby lymph nodes. This will be done with a radioactive tracer and blue dye to help the surgeon see which lymph nodes need removal.

Breast Reconstruction

Breast reconstruction is restoring the shape of the breast after a mastectomy. This can be done at the same time as surgery (immediate reconstruction) or, many years later, at a separate procedure (delayed reconstruction).

The type of reconstruction a woman chooses will depend on her medical needs and personal preferences. Her gender will also influence whether she will need radiation therapy after surgery.

Reconstruction can take several procedures over many months to achieve the final result and may involve several visits to the hospital for further surgery and appointments. It can be a very difficult decision, and it is important to discuss this with your doctor, surgeon and specialist team in detail.


A TRAM flap is a procedure that uses parts of your skin, fat and muscle to reconstruct a breast after mastectomy. The Bellevue plastic surgeon takes a section of your rectus abdominis muscle (in the lower abdomen between your waist and pubic bone) and moves it to your chest wall.

The blood supply is then connected to the blood vessels in your chest or armpit area using microsurgery. This reduces the risk of a “bulge” and improves blood supply to your breast, lowering the chance of fat necrosis.

There are two main types of TRAM flaps: pedicled and free. A pedicled TRAM flap is the most common type of TRAM surgery.


A DIEP Flap is a type of natural tissue breast reconstruction surgery. It uses tissue from the lower abdomen to reconstruct a new breast.

It is similar to a TRAM flap, but only skin and fat are removed instead of the whole rectus abdominis muscle. This allows your abdominal muscles to be spared, helping you retain more strength after surgery.

Another benefit is that a DIEP flap can improve the shape of your abdominal area, giving you slimmer, more toned thighs or a tummy tuck.

A DIEP flap uses microsurgical techniques to reattach blood vessels from the donor site to the chest wall. This requires expertise in surgery through a microscope (microsurgery).

TUG Flap

The TUG flap is a relatively new breast reconstruction procedure that utilizes skin, fat and a small amount of gracilis muscle from the inner thigh to reconstruct a breast. Unlike other major body muscles, the gracilis power can be spared without significant functional deficits.

During the TUG flap elevation, the skin paddle and underlying fat are harvested from a horizontally oriented ellipse along the proximal upper one-third of the gracilis muscle in a myocutaneous flap perfused by the medial circumflex artery and its venue.

TUG flaps are ideal for patients who do not qualify for TRAM, DIEP or latissimus flap procedures and who have had problems with these reconstructions. They also offer a more aesthetically pleasing donor site closure than TRAM and DIEP flaps.

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Relieve Arthritis Pain With Professional Services – A Comprehensive Guide




Arthritis pain services Jersey City, NJ

Most of our joints are surrounded by a fluid that lubricates and nourishes them (think oil for a squeaky hinge). This fluid is protected in a capsule by ligaments and tendons.

Various treatment options are available for arthritis, including medication, physical therapy, and making specific lifestyle changes. These treatments can reduce pain, help people stay active, and, in some cases, slow joint damage.

Physical Therapy

Many people think of physical therapy in connection with an injury or surgery, but it’s also a valuable way to relieve arthritis pain. Arthritis pain services Jersey City, NJ can help you move more efficiently, use techniques to ease your pain, and learn how to modify your daily routine to minimize joint stress.

PT can include manual manipulation of the affected joints, massage, exercises to strengthen the muscles around your joints, and treatments based on heat, cold, electrical stimulation, or ultrasound. Your therapist may also suggest ergonomic devices to make your daily activities easier or recommend a special brace or other support device.

Studies show that PT reduces arthritis symptoms, improves mobility, and enhances the quality of life. It’s a vital part of an arthritis treatment plan and may even help you avoid surgery in some cases. Most insurance and medicare cover at least part of the cost. Generally, a treatment plan lasts about four to six weeks.


There’s no cure for arthritis, but your provider can help you manage it so you can spend more time doing things you enjoy and less time feeling stiff and sore.

Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications like acetaminophen (Tylenol) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs — including ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), and diclofenac (Cambia, Cataflam, Voltaren) — work by blocking the enzyme cyclooxygenase in your body that makes prostaglandins substances that cause pain, swelling, and inflammation.

Some people also use glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate, supplements that are thought to help keep cartilage healthy in your joints. Your doctor can advise you on the best ones for you.

Lifestyle Modifications

While arthritis is often a result of overuse or aging, it can also be caused by autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis (RA). These conditions are much more severe and can lead to permanent joint damage and disability.

Aside from medications, lifestyle changes can help reduce pain and stiffness. Regular exercise, walking, swimming, bike riding, and stretching or yoga can improve flexibility, support joints, and strengthen muscles. A light massage, provided the therapist knows which joints are affected by your condition, can increase blood flow and warm up muscles, temporarily relieving pain.

For painful knees and ankles, inserts or braces can support the joints and lower pressure on them. Corticosteroid injections are powerful anti-inflammatory medications injected directly into the affected joint — and can decrease swelling and relieve pain for three to six months. Hyaluronic acid injections given in a series of shots to replace the fluid lost with osteoarthritis can alleviate pain for a similar period.

Support Groups

In addition to a doctor’s treatment plan, it is also essential for individuals with arthritis to make lifestyle changes. These may include regular exercises (walking, swimming, or bike riding) that can reduce pain and improve function in adults with arthritis and self-management education workshops that teach people how to cope with their symptoms and manage their arthritis.

Arthritis support groups are an excellent way to find emotional support from people who understand what you are going through. Your doctor’s office or local hospital can provide information about groups that meet in your area. The Arthritis Foundation offers online forums and chat groups for people with arthritis to connect. Several studies have found that attending a rheumatoid arthritis support group significantly improves the quality of life for participants. However, it is essential to note that participation in a support group should not be seen as a replacement for medication or standard care from a health professional.

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How Blair Batson Children’s Hospital Supports Families of Hospitalized Children




Blair Batson Children's Hospital Greenwood MS

Blair Batson Children’s Hospital stands as a beacon of hope and healing for families facing the challenges of pediatric illness and injury. Beyond providing exceptional medical care to young patients, the hospital recognizes the importance of supporting families during their difficult journey. 

Family-Centered Care Approach

At Blair Batson Children’s Hospital, family-centered care is more than a philosophy; it’s a guiding principle woven into every aspect of patient care. The hospital ensures that families are actively involved in decision-making, treatment plans, and care routines. From open communication with healthcare providers to family-friendly amenities and accommodations, Blair Batson Children’s Hospital Greenwood MS creates a supportive environment where families feel valued, respected, and empowered. Furthermore, Blair Batson Children’s Hospital recognizes the unique expertise that families bring to their child’s care journey and respects their role as essential partners in the healthcare team. By fostering collaboration and mutual respect between families and healthcare providers, the hospital cultivates a culture of trust and partnership that enhances pediatric patients’ overall quality of care.

Comfortable Accommodations

Recognizing the importance of a supportive environment for families, Blair Batson Children’s Hospital offers comfortable accommodations and amenities to ensure their well-being during their stay. Family lounges, sleeping accommodations, and shower facilities provide respite and comfort to families needing extended hospital stays. Additionally, the hospital offers dining options, laundry facilities, and other conveniences to alleviate the stress of being away from home. Moreover, Blair Batson Children’s Hospital understands that the well-being of families extends beyond physical comfort and thus offers emotional support services and recreational activities to promote relaxation and resilience during challenging times. By creating a nurturing environment that addresses practical and emotional needs, the hospital strives to ease the burden on families and facilitate comfort and reassurance throughout their stay.

Emotional Support Services

Coping with a child’s illness or injury can take a toll on families emotionally and psychologically. Blair Batson Children’s Hospital offers various emotional support services, including counseling, support groups, and therapeutic activities, to help families navigate their feelings and build resilience. Trained social workers, child life specialists, and spiritual care providers offer compassionate guidance and resources to families facing difficult circumstances.

Educational Resources

Understanding the medical condition and treatment options is crucial for families to make informed decisions and actively participate in their child’s care. Blair Batson Children’s Hospital provides educational resources, workshops, and informational materials to help families understand their child’s diagnosis, treatment plan, and prognosis. By empowering families with knowledge, the hospital enables them to advocate effectively for their child’s needs and collaborate with healthcare providers.

Community Support Programs

Beyond the hospital’s walls, Blair Batson Children’s Hospital extends its support to families through community outreach programs and partnerships. These programs offer financial assistance, transportation services, and access to local resources to help families navigate practical challenges related to their child’s illness or injury. By leveraging community support networks, the hospital ensures that families receive comprehensive care and support throughout their journey.

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Benefits of portobello mushrooms and side effects




portobello mushrooms health benefits

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