The Side effects of Apple Cider vinegar is what we are detailly going to focus on.
Apple cider vinegar is known to be a natural tonic. It has many health benefits, this has been confirmed by many scientific studies.
However, several specialists have also expressed their concerns about their dangerousness and its possible side effects.
This article informs you about the side effects and potential dangers of apple cider vinegar but it also gives you some recommendations for consuming apple cider vinegar safely.
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What is apple cider vinegar?
Apple cider vinegar is made by simply combining apples with yeast. The yeast then turns the sugar in the apples into alcohol. Bacteria are then added to the mixture, which ferments the alcohol into acetic acid.
Acetic acid makes up about 5-6% of apple cider vinegar. It is classified as a “weak acid”, but still has fairly strong acidic properties when concentrated.
In addition to acetic acid, vinegar contains water and traces of other acids, vitamins and minerals.
Several studies on animals and on humans have shown that acetic acid and apple cider vinegar can promote fat burning and therefore weight loss, lower blood sugar, increase insulin sensitivity and improve the cholesterol levels.
Unfortunately, apple cider vinegar can cause side effects, especially when consumed in large doses.
1. Delays stomach emptying
Apple cider vinegar helps prevent blood sugar spikes by reducing the rate at which food leaves the stomach and enters the lower digestive tract. This slows down its absorption into the bloodstream.
However, this effect can worsen the symptoms of gastroparesis, a common condition in people with type 1 diabetes.
In gastroparesis, the nerves in the stomach do not work properly, so food stays in the stomach for too long and is not released at a normal rate.
Symptoms of gastroparesis include heartburn, bloating, and nausea.
For type 1 diabetics with gastroparesis, it is very difficult to predict when insulin will be given with meals, as it is difficult to predict how long it will take for food to be digested and absorbed.
A controlled study involved 10 patients with type 1 diabetes and gastroparesis. Drinking water with 2 tablespoons (30 ml) of apple cider vinegar significantly increased the length of time food remained in the stomach.
2. Digestive disorders
Apple cider vinegar can cause unpleasant digestive symptoms in some people.
Studies in humans and animals have shown that apple cider vinegar and acetic acid can decrease appetite and promote feelings of fullness, leading to a natural reduction in calorie intake.
However, a controlled study suggests that in some cases appetite and food intake may decrease due to a feeling of indigestion.
People who consumed a drink containing 25 grams of apple cider vinegar reported a loss of appetite as well as significantly more nausea sensations, especially when the vinegar was part of an unpleasant tasting drink.
Potassium deficiency and bone loss
There are no controlled studies on the effects of apple cider vinegar on blood potassium levels and bone health.
Recently, a case of potassium deficiency and bone loss was attributed to high doses of apple cider vinegar that had been consumed over a long period of time.
A 28-year-old woman consumed 250 ml of apple cider vinegar diluted in water daily for six years. She was eventually admitted to the hospital with very low potassium and other abnormalities in blood chemistry.
This woman was also diagnosed with osteoporosis, a disease of fragile bones that are rarely seen in young people.
Doctors who treated the woman assume that the high daily doses of apple cider vinegar caused a decrease in minerals in her bones and those to regulate the acidity of her blood.
They also noted that high levels of acid can reduce the formation of new bone.
Of course, the amount of apple cider vinegar, in this case, was much more than what most people usually consume in a single day.
3. Skin burns
Due to its strong acidic nature, apple cider vinegar can also cause burns when applied to the skin.
In one case, a 14-year-old girl developed lesions on her nose after applying several drops of apple cider vinegar to remove two moles, according to a protocol she had seen on the internet.
In another case, a 6-year-old boy with multiple health issues developed burns to his legs after his mother treated his leg infection with apple cider vinegar.
4. Erosion of tooth enamel
Acidic foods and drinks have been shown to damage tooth enamel.
Soft drinks and fruit juices have been more widely studied, but some research shows that the acetic acid in vinegar can also damage tooth enamel.
In a laboratory study, the enamel of wisdom teeth was immersed in different vinegars that ranged in pH from 2.7 to 3.95. The kinds of vinegar caused a loss of minerals of 1 to 20% of the teeth after four hours.
It’s important to note that this study was done in the lab and not in the mouth, where saliva helps regulate acidity. Nevertheless, there is some evidence that large amounts of vinegar can cause dental erosion.
One study also concluded that a 15-year-old girl’s severe tooth decay was caused by consuming one cup (237 ml) of undiluted apple cider vinegar per day for several weeks. The girl was on a drastic diet to lose weight quickly.
5. Burns in the throat
Apple cider vinegar can cause burns to the oesophagus (throat).
A review of harmful fluids accidentally swallowed by children revealed that the acetic acid in vinegar was the most common acid that caused throat burns.
The researchers recommended that vinegar be considered a “strong caustic substance” and stored in child-resistant containers.
There are no published cases of burns to the throat caused by apple cider vinegar.
However, a case report found that an apple cider vinegar tablet caused burns after lodging in a woman’s throat. This person said she experienced pain and difficulty swallowing for six months after the incident.
6. Drugs interactions
Here are some drugs that can interact with apple cider vinegar and cause unwanted effects.
Medicines for diabetes: People who take insulin or insulin stimulating drugs and vinegar may have dangerously low blood sugar or potassium levels.
Digoxin: This medicine lowers your potassium level in the blood. Taking it in combination with apple cider vinegar might reduce potassium too much.
Certain diuretics: Some diuretics cause the body to excrete potassium. To prevent the potassium level from dropping too low, these medicines should not be taken with large amounts of vinegar.
How to safely consume apple cider vinegar
Most people can safely consume reasonable amounts of apple cider vinegar by following these guidelines:
•Control your intake: Start with a small amount and work your way up to a maximum of 2 tablespoons (30 ml) per day, depending on your personal tolerance.
•Minimize exposure of your teeth to acetic acid: Try diluting vinegar in water and drinking it through a straw.
•Rinse your mouth: Rinse with water after taking it. To avoid further damage to the enamel, wait at least 30 minutes before brushing your teeth.
•Beware of allergies: Allergies to apple cider vinegar are rare, but stop drinking it immediately if you have an allergic reaction.