The noni fruit, whose scientific name is Morinda citrifolia, is native to Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and Polynesia, is widely used in these countries due to its supposed medicinal and therapeutic properties such as anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial, and hypoglycemic.
Some of the benefits granted to it are that it helps to cure various diseases, including cancer, however, it is necessary to carry out more scientific studies in humans to verify both its benefits and its toxicity, therefore it is not advisable to abuse its consumption, since a safe dose has not been determined.
So far there are few studies carried out with this fruit, however, its composition is already known, being possible to assume the possible benefits of the fruit, these are:
Vitamin C and other natural antioxidants: can help fight age and prevent the onset of chronic diseases;
Polyphenols or phenolic compounds: normally they have a strong antibiotic and anti-inflammatory potential;
Carbohydrates and proteins: they are important sources of energy;
Beta-carotene and vitamin A: can help in the production of collagen, being able to have benefits for the skin, hair, and nails, in addition to strengthening the immune system and protecting vision;
Minerals, such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, and phosphorus: are important to maintaining the proper functioning of all organs;
Other phytonutrients, such as vitamins B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B12, C, E, and folic acid – can reduce free radicals and regulate the body’s metabolism.
The noni fruit has physical characteristics very similar to the soursop and the sugar apple, however, these fruits should not be confused, since they have very different properties.
Although noni fruit has the potential to provide various health benefits, care should be taken when consuming it, as there are no human studies that demonstrate the safety of the fruit and how much to consume.
Between 2005 and 2007, some cases of serious liver damage were reported after ingestion of noni juice. This side effect was seen in people who consumed 1 to 2 liters of noni juice, on average, over approximately 4 weeks.
In popular culture, the noni fruit has the potential to cure various illnesses, including cancer, depression, allergies, and diabetes, however, its use for these purposes is not safe and may endanger health.
For this reason, it is not recommended to abuse the consumption of this fruit until there is concrete proof of its safety and efficacy, with tests carried out in humans.
At this time a substance called damnacanthal, a compound extracted from the roots of noni, is being studied in various investigations against cancer, but still without satisfactory results.
Despite the frequent reports that the noni fruit helps to lose weight, it is still not possible to affirm it, although some scientific studies have been carried out to verify this effect and what is the effective dose to achieve it.
In addition, it is normal for there to be a rapid weight loss when the body is sick, and it is more likely that this loss from noni consumption is not for the expected reasons, but the development of liver disease.