Copaiba oil or copaiba balsam is a resinous product extracted from the trunk of the copaiba, a tree of the Copaifera officinalis species, which has anti-inflammatory, healing, analgesic, and expectorant properties, being indicated to help in the healing of wounds, coughs, or for relieving arthritis symptoms, for example.
Likewise, copaiba oil is also used in various anti-inflammatory and healing creams and ointments, as well as lotions, anti-dandruff shampoo, oral and acne care products, soaps, and intimate hygiene products.
Copaiba oil can be found in pharmacies or natural product stores in the form of capsules or essential oil, and its use should always be carried out under the guidance of a doctor or other health professional who has experience with the use of medicinal plants and natural products.
Copaiba oil is rich in sesquiterpenes such as beta-caryophyllene and beta-bisabolene, which are the active substances responsible for its healing, antiseptic, antibacterial, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, expectorant, analgesic, antirheumatic, and antidiarrheal properties.
The main indications of copaiba oil are:
Wound healing and disinfection;
Cough and bronchitis;
Flu and colds;
Infection in the kidneys or the urethra;
Skin problems, such as psoriasis or eczema;
Mycosis of the skin;
Copaiba oil can also be used to fight infections that can be transmitted sexually, mainly genital herpes and syphilis.
Likewise, certain studies indicate that copaiba oil also has properties that are effective in contributing to the treatment of different types of cancer and tuberculosis. However, more studies are still needed to confirm these properties.
Copaiba oil can be used in the form of essential oil or capsules. The main ways to use essential oil are:
Copaiba essential oil (for oral use): add 1 drop of copaiba essential oil in a glass of water, juice, or in a cup of tea and drink once a day, to help digestive and respiratory problems or strengthen the immune system ;
Copaiba essential oil (for external use): mix 1 or 2 drops of copaiba essential oil with another vegetable oil, such as almond or coconut, and apply to the skin once a day;
Copaiba essential oil (for inhalation): apply 3 to 4 drops of copaiba essential oil in the diffuser or vaporizer and breathe in the steam, once a day, to help improve respiratory problems such as asthma or bronchitis;
Copaiba oil capsules: orally take 1 capsule of 250 mg of copaiba oil up to 2 times a day.
The duration of the copaiba oil treatment depends on the medical advice and indication.
Copaiba oil is safe for most adults when consumed orally or used on the skin in recommended doses.
However, when consumed or used in excessive amounts, it can cause some side effects that include stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, tremors, insomnia, redness, or itching of the skin.
Copaiba oil should not be used in children, pregnant or lactating women, or by people with stomach disorders, such as gastritis or ulcer, for example.