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7 Benefits of black cumin and side effects

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Discover the 7 shocking health benefits of black cumin.

Also known as Nigella, black cumin has a long history in food, medicinal application, and with several properties that benefit consumers, in addition to not having records of adverse effects.

In the following article, we will delve into black cumin its benefits and properties, allowing its recognition and use for health.

benefits of black cumin


What is black cumin?

Black cumin is a seed that comes from a plant called Nigella Sativa through cold extraction.

It is native to the Mediterranean region in countries such as Italy and Turkey, with important use in India and used in ancient times in Egypt for its medicinal and therapeutic properties. (1)

To highlight: These seeds known as black cumin are small in size, triangular in shape, and with a rather penetrating and characteristic smell.

It contains proteins, fibers, and carbohydrates, in addition to fatty acids. All these components are responsible for their uses and benefits.


Health benefits of black cumin

As we mentioned previously, black cumin is characterized by its wide use at the nutritional and medicinal level, below we will address the main benefits of black cumin for health and the reason for them.

1. Strengthens the immune system

Due to its high content of amino acids, the use and consumption of black cumin oil strengthen the immune system, in addition to the discovery of the presence of an active component called Thymoquinone that has the antioxidant capacity and helps prevent cell degeneration. (2)

Important: Research carried out at the Kyushu University of Japan, showed that black cumin has antiviral effects since it increases the number of CD4 lymphocytes and the production of IFN-gamma interferon. (3)

2. Reduces the action of free radicals

The University of Tanta in Egypt, published in the Journal of Japan Oil Chemists Society the antioxidant activity that prevents even the oxidation of food products such as vegetable oils, resembling the ability to reduce the activity of free radicals as in black cumin extract…

In this sense, black cumin also counteracts the antioxidant effect on red blood cells and limits the oxidative stress caused by monosodium glutamate (MSG) on the brain hippocampus, avoiding the triggering of neurodegenerative disorders.

3. Fight bacteria, viruses, and fungi

Due to its high content of amino acids, previously mentioned, and its strengthening of the immune system, black cumin is attributed to its great capacity as a natural drug since it strengthens the defenses of pathogens and the activity of bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Note: Black cumin includes an important antimicrobial activity against genera such as Salmonella and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, also making it against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria comparable to ampicillin.

4. Decreases pain and inflammation

The presence of thymoquinone demonstrates the capacity of black cumin with high protective and anti-inflammatory activity because it inhibits the migration of leukocytes and pathogens.


To highlight:   Black cumin is recognized over time as useful for pathological inflammatory states such as tumors and respiratory conditions, precisely associated with the activity of this active component and its response to the inflammatory prostaglandin D2.

5. Control allergic reactions

Research and scientific studies have shown the hypoallergenic capacity of black cumin oil, adding to that the ability to lower cholesterol and create new neurons.

Important: A team led by the Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in Ahvaz, for 2011 verified the effect of black cumin with allergic rhinitis, allowing the application of treatments without side effects, with bronchodilator and antihistamine effect.

6. Improves healing and hydration of the skin


The essential and natural oils of black cumin favor the healing and hydration process of the skin. This capacity is due to its antiseptic property, in addition to helping to maintain stable collagen levels in the body of consumers, being essential for the skin to look healthy.

7. Helps control weight

The antioxidant capacity of black cumin, allows there to be fewer possibilities of fat deposits in the body, in addition to the active substance previously mentioned on several occasions, thymoquinone, has the property of its ability to accelerate metabolism.

Properties of black cumin

Due to the nature of these seeds, they confer nutritional properties to the body thanks to their biological molecules. These properties will be mentioned and described below:

1. Vitamins

Black cumin seeds are rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, carotenes, and flavonoids, as well as thymoquinone and retinol, so much of their benefits, are influenced by these active molecules.

To highlight: Its nutritional content also influences topical applications and therefore benefits the health of the hair and skin.


2. Minerals

Its mineral content is headed by its contribution of calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and magnesium.

All of these are essential for the proper development and functioning of the body, healthily and efficiently.

3. Other compounds

Along with vitamins and minerals, black cumin provides fatty acids, enzymes, fiber, proteins, carbohydrates, and fibers, which helps to supplement the diet of consumers and allows the use of all the benefits mentioned above.

How is black cumin consumed and used?

Black cumin can be used as a spice in recipes and meals, being very popular for the flavor it confers especially in areas such as India, adding it to the preparation of salads, bread, and meats.

Note: On the other hand, there is also a more direct use, which is black cumin oil.

In this way, its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial benefits are obtained efficiently and in the correct proportions.

Key Findings

Black cumin is the seed of a plant called Nigella Sativa. It is consumed as a spice in recipes, being added to our diet, or as an essential oil for more direct and effective use.

Among its nutritional properties, it can highlight its content of vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids, in addition to providing small amounts of carbohydrates, proteins, and fibers.


Its antioxidant power helps reduce cell degradation, lower cholesterol levels, strengthen the immune system and fight pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

It also has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and healing properties, making it a food recognized since ancient times for its medicinal application.


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