Discover the 7 shocking health benefits of aspirin and side effects.
Aspirin (or chemically called acetylsalicylic acid) is an acetylated ester of salicylic acid. Its molecular structure is:
Molecular weight: 180.2. Its crystals are elongated, with a slightly bitter taste and a whitish color. The salicylic acid obtained by synthesis is then transformed by an acetylation process to acetylsalicylic acid.
Aspirin is a salicylate (sa-LIS-yl-ate). It works by reducing substances in the body that cause pain, fever, and inflammation.
Aspirin is used to treat pain and reduce fever or inflammation. It is sometimes used to treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, and chest pain (angina).
Aspirin should be used for cardiovascular conditions only under the supervision of a physician.
Very important information
Do not give this medicine to a child or adolescent with a fever, flu symptoms, or chickenpox. Salicylates can cause Reye’s syndrome, a serious and sometimes fatal condition in children.
You should not use aspirin if you are allergic to it, or if you have:
• A recent history of stomach or intestinal bleeding;
• A bleeding disorder such as hemophilia; or
• If you have ever had an asthma attack or severe allergic reaction after taking aspirin or an NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) such as Advil, Motrin, Aleve, Orudis, Indocin, Lodine, Voltaren, Toradol, Mobic, Relafen, Feldene, and others.
To make sure this medicine is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have:
• Asthma or seasonal allergies.
• Stomach ulcers
• Liver disease
• Kidney disease
• A bleeding or blood clotting disorder.
• Heart disease, high blood pressure, or congestive heart failure.
Taking aspirin during late pregnancy can cause bleeding in the mother or baby during delivery. Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Aspirin can pass into breast milk and harm a nursing baby. You should not breastfeed while using this medicine.
Aspirin and heart disease
In recent years, heart disease (or scientifically known as cardiovascular disease) has been a common disease throughout the world.
With the rapid rise in obesity in the world’s population in recent years, the WHO and many other health care groups have raised awareness of this particularly deadly disease, obviously conducting years of research dedicated to finding the cure for it.
Despite not being the magic cure, aspirin has been generally known as one of the drugs often taken by patients with heart problems.
Many benefits have been found when taking aspirin for heart disease medications.
However, ideally, aspirin should not be taken without a doctor’s suggestion or prescription.
If you have concerns about any other type of medical condition that you need to care for, please contact your physician before undertaking any aspirin therapy.
Although the benefits of aspirin varied for each person, we are going to list what is generally perceived as the benefits of aspirin.
Without further ado, let’s discuss what are the benefits of taking aspirin for treating heart disease.
• If you have a blood vessel or heart-related disease, there is a common type of treatment that you will most likely be offered, called anticoagulants.
• There are two main types of blood thinners (ie, heparin and warfarin) and antiplatelets, such as aspirin.
• The anticoagulant works through chemical reactions in our body to slow down the blood clotting process, while antiplatelets such as aspirin will prevent platelets from clumping together, thus reducing the risk of having a blood clot.
• While both are necessary and very important if you have a heart-related condition, it should also be considered if you are prone to hemorrhagic stroke (where weakened blood vessels break), as it can cause more pressure and cause more bleeding when the rupture occurs as it prevents blood from clotting and squeezing in the damaged area.
• As an antiplatelet agent, aspirin will prevent blood platelets from forming a clot.
• Usually this mechanism occurs when you have a wound (anywhere in the body) and the blood system tries to stop you from bleeding further (which protects the body from further blood loss).
• Although in some cases (hemorrhagic stroke, gastrointestinal bleeding) it could be a disadvantage, for people who have heart disease, especially in conjunction with atherosclerosis (a condition in which the lipid compound begins to accumulate along the blood vessels narrowing the blood pathway, which can dangerously lead to increased pressure in the aorta near the heart valve or the arteries that supply oxygen to the brain).
• In the long term, the lipid plaque will cause weakening and hardening of the blood vessel wall. When blood clots appear, all of these situations can lead to a heart attack.
• This is the reason why the role of aspirin in preventing blood clotting becomes very important.
• When plaque builds up along your arteries, it has the potential to become inflamed. This inflammation will surely lead you to be prone to stroke and heart attack.
• The role of aspirin in this particular situation is to block the enzyme called cyclooxygenase that is responsible for the production of prostaglandins, a chemical compound that speeds up inflammation.
• Blood plays a very important role in conducting nutrients throughout our body, this includes the heart and brain.
• Apart from nutrients, the blood also carries oxygen through every cell in our body, which plays a crucial role in maintaining a good, healthy and functional organ.
• Lack of oxygen, especially to the brain and heart, can lead to high blood pressure and stroke. Since the main function of aspirin is to maintain good blood flow in your blood system (making sure there is no blockage).
• Correlatively, aspirin helps the patient maintain a stable flow of oxygen (especially if they already have narrow blood vessels that decrease the amount of blood that could pass through), preventing further blockages that can cut off the flow of oxygen and reduce the risk of unnecessary damage. to the heart and brain
• We can conclude that the role of aspirin in maintaining good blood flow and helping our body prevent blood clotting.
• This will decrease the likelihood that the blood vessels that supply oxygen to the brain and that used by the heart will become blocked.
When a part of these vessels is clogged, the blood pump creates pressure and can cause the vessel itself to rupture, which we commonly approach as a stroke.
• That is why it is imperative to take aspirin as a way to decrease the chance of having a stroke, be it near the heart or the brain.
• During a heart attack caused by blocked blood vessels, the action of aspirin to prevent and slow blood clotting can reduce the severity of the heart attack, ensuring that there is still blood flow and oxygen supply.
• According to a large body of scientific research, taking aspirin during or just after the symptom occurs reduces the risk of death from a heart attack.
• It is very important not to stop taking aspirin after a heart attack, as it will maintain blood flow and prevent further blockage.
• It will make you less likely to have a second heart attack. Aspirin will help you not to worsen the condition you are in right now.
• In addition to being effective in preventing blood clots, aspirin has also been shown to have an analgesic attribute.
Aspirin is known for its use in the treatment and relief of acute pain, thereby promoting it to be one of the most pain-relieving medications.
Although it is not working as effectively as other drugs like ibuprofen, it is generally used to treat pain other than the pain caused by muscle cramps, bloating gastric distention, and skin irritation.
• Being one of the pain relievers, aspirin has been widely used to treat a variety of primary headaches, such as tension headaches, migraines, and cluster headaches. However, it is more effective in treating tension headaches.
• In addition to its ability to control pain, aspirin has another use in treating fever.
By consuming an aspirin, it will act on the prostaglandin system to irreversibly inhibit COX, which will reduce the inflammation that causes fever.
Although there are many benefits to taking aspirin therapy there are some precautions that must be taken into account to know whether or not you should take this medication. Aspirin may not be suitable for:
• Individuals sensitive to the stomach (people prone to gastric problems)
• People who have a stroke (not caused by blood clots)
• There are also some side effects of taking aspirin. Some of the most common are stomach pain/discomfort and nausea.
Serious side effects can include the allergic reactions (difficulty breathing, swelling, and hives) and bleeding (abnormal bleeding including nosebleeds, vaginal bleeding, rectal bleeding, bloody urine, and in some cases, bleeding in the brain).
Due to the above reasons, please refrain from consuming aspirin regularly or in high doses without first consulting with your doctor.
It is important to know the individual medical condition before taking any medication.
In the meantime, you can practice a healthy lifestyle to prevent heart problems, such as engaging in physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day, eating healthy foods, and avoiding tobacco.